понедељак, 03. октобар 2016.

Srednjovekovna srpska tvrđava Maglič, 13. vek

Srednjovekovna srpska tvrđava Maglič, 13. vek, sagrađena na vrhu strmog brda u dolini reke Ibar u blizini kraljeva.
Predstavlja jedno od najbolje sačuvanih utvrđenja u Srbiji i sjajan primer srednjovekovnih srpskih tvrđava sagrađenih duž važnih puteva radi kontrole i zaštite trgovine. 
Utvrđenje ima 7 kula i šestougaonu donžon kulu, a unutar nje se nalaze ostaci palate, vojnih baraka, crkve Svetog Đorđa, velikog rezervoara za vodu i bunara. Za vreme srpskog carstva u 14. veku u Magliču je stolovao arhiepiskop Danilo II, koji je napisao neka od najboljih srpskih srednjevekovnih književnih dela.
Vreme nastanka grada Magliča nije poznato, ali je verovatno postojao u vreme vladavine Vizantije ovim krajevima. Tvrđavu Maglič je u 13. veku obnovio Kralj Stefan Prvovenčani ili njegov sin, Kralj Uroš I, na uzvišenju koje je sa tri strane okruženo strmim nepristupačnim liticama i rekom, sa namerom odbrane obližnjih manastira Žiče i Studenice, kao i u svrhu lakše kontrole doline reke Ibar.




Medieval Serbian castle Maglič, 13th century, placed on the top of hill in valley of the Ibar river, near Kraljevo, central Serbia. 
It’s one of the best preserved and one of the finest examples of the Serbian medieval fortifications, built along the important Medieval roads for protection and control of traffic and trade
Fortress has 7 towers and a hexagonal dungeon tower (keep), and inside there are remains of a palace, military barracks, church of Saint George, a large water reservoir and a well. During the Serbian empire in 14th century it was the seat of Archbishop Danilo II, who wrote some of the most famous Medieval Serbian literary works.
The exact time of construction of the Maglič Fortress is unknown, but the stronghold probably existed during the Byzantine rule in this region. Maglič Fortress was rebuilt in the 13th century by King Stefan Prvovenčani (the First Crowned) or his son Uroš I, on a high rock surrounded from three sides by inaccessible steep mountain sides and the Ibar River, in order to defend the nearby monasteries of Žiča and Studenica and provide control over the Ibar valley.


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